Predictive value of premorbid IQ, negative symptoms, and age for cognitive and social functions in Japanese patients with schizophrenia: A study using the Japanese version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia

Kazufumi Akiyama, Satoshi Saito, Atsushi Saito, Yuji Ozeki, Takashi Watanabe, Kumiko Fujii, Gyo Honda, Kazutaka Shimoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Enduring cognitive impairment in patients with schizophrenia represents a global health burden. The Japanese-language version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) and the Japanese Adult Reading Test were administered to 288 patients with chronic schizophrenia and 308 unrelated healthy control subjects. The Japanese version of self-reported Social Functioning Scale (SFS) was administered to a subpopulation of 157 patients with schizophrenia. In patients with schizophrenia, premorbid IQ and age were significantly related to most of the BACS subdomains, composite score, and intra-individual variability of BACS subdomains, whereas negative symptoms were significantly related to all BACS indices. Dosages of the first-generation antipsychotics had a significant negative impact on Tower of London task and intra-individual variability of BACS subdomains. The relationship of symbol coding with age was significantly lower in patients than in healthy control subjects. Multiple regression analysis revealed that negative symptoms were significantly negatively related to the total SFS scale, whereas better performance of token motor task was associated with higher total SFS. The present study revealed the role of premorbid IQ, age, and negative symptoms in predicting cognitive performance, and the significant correlation of negative symptoms and token motor task with social function in patients with schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-671
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume246
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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