Purpose: To determine if optical coherence tomography (OCT) at baseline or month 3 in the Treatment of Macular Edema following Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion: Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety (BRAVO) and Treatment of Macular Edema following Central Retinal Vein Occlusion: Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety (CRUISE) studies provides information that predicts visual outcome. Design: Post hoc analysis from 2 prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trials. Participants: Three hundred ninety-seven patients from the BRAVO study and 392 patients from the CRUISE study. Methods: Time-domain OCT imaging data were analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: Mean change from baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) letter score at month 6 and month 12. Results: Among ranibizumab-treated patients, 71.2% (0.3 mg) and 78.5% (0.5 mg) in the CRUISE study and 79.1% (0.3 mg) and 84.7% (0.5 mg) in the BRAVO study had central foveal thickness (CFT) of 250 μm or less at month 3 and therefore were categorized as early ranibizumab responders. Early ranibizumab responders had excellent visual outcomes regardless of ranibizumab dose; mean improvement in BCVA letter score at 6 and 12 months was 15.0 to 16.5 (central retinal vein occlusion [CRVO]) and 17.4 to 19.1 (branch retinal vein occlusion [BRVO]). Late or incomplete ranibizumab responders with CRVO (CFT >250 μm at month 3) did not fare as well as early responders if they were treated with 0.3 mg ranibizumab (month 6, P = 0.012). At month 6, compared with ranibizumab-treated CRVO patients with resolved cystoid macular edema (CME) at month 3, those with persistent CME did worse, on average, and significantly so for 0.5 mg (13.1 vs. 18.6; P = 0.027). At baseline, subretinal fluid (SRF) was present in 57% of patients with CRVO and in 45% of patients with BRVO; its presence did not portend a poor outcome in patients treated with ranibizumab for whom SRF was eliminated in almost all by month 3. Conclusions: At month 3 of ranibizumab treatment, OCT images provide predictive information for patients with CRVO, but not for those with BRVO. Visual outcome at months 6 and 12 was reduced in 0.5 mg ranibizumab-treated patients with CRVO who had persistent CME at month 3. It also was reduced in CRVO for those with CFT of more than 250 μm at month 3 who were treated with 0.3 mg ranibizumab. The findings suggest that late or incomplete responders may need careful follow-up.
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