Predictive value in retinal vein occlusions of early versus late or incomplete ranibizumab response defined by optical coherence tomography

Robert B. Bhisitkul, Peter A. Campochiaro, Howard Shapiro, Roman G. Rubio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To determine if optical coherence tomography (OCT) at baseline or month 3 in the Treatment of Macular Edema following Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion: Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety (BRAVO) and Treatment of Macular Edema following Central Retinal Vein Occlusion: Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety (CRUISE) studies provides information that predicts visual outcome. Design: Post hoc analysis from 2 prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trials. Participants: Three hundred ninety-seven patients from the BRAVO study and 392 patients from the CRUISE study. Methods: Time-domain OCT imaging data were analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: Mean change from baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) letter score at month 6 and month 12. Results: Among ranibizumab-treated patients, 71.2% (0.3 mg) and 78.5% (0.5 mg) in the CRUISE study and 79.1% (0.3 mg) and 84.7% (0.5 mg) in the BRAVO study had central foveal thickness (CFT) of 250 μm or less at month 3 and therefore were categorized as early ranibizumab responders. Early ranibizumab responders had excellent visual outcomes regardless of ranibizumab dose; mean improvement in BCVA letter score at 6 and 12 months was 15.0 to 16.5 (central retinal vein occlusion [CRVO]) and 17.4 to 19.1 (branch retinal vein occlusion [BRVO]). Late or incomplete ranibizumab responders with CRVO (CFT >250 μm at month 3) did not fare as well as early responders if they were treated with 0.3 mg ranibizumab (month 6, P = 0.012). At month 6, compared with ranibizumab-treated CRVO patients with resolved cystoid macular edema (CME) at month 3, those with persistent CME did worse, on average, and significantly so for 0.5 mg (13.1 vs. 18.6; P = 0.027). At baseline, subretinal fluid (SRF) was present in 57% of patients with CRVO and in 45% of patients with BRVO; its presence did not portend a poor outcome in patients treated with ranibizumab for whom SRF was eliminated in almost all by month 3. Conclusions: At month 3 of ranibizumab treatment, OCT images provide predictive information for patients with CRVO, but not for those with BRVO. Visual outcome at months 6 and 12 was reduced in 0.5 mg ranibizumab-treated patients with CRVO who had persistent CME at month 3. It also was reduced in CRVO for those with CFT of more than 250 μm at month 3 who were treated with 0.3 mg ranibizumab. The findings suggest that late or incomplete responders may need careful follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1057-1063
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmology
Volume120
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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