Predictive validity of cocaine, sedative, and alcohol dependence diagnoses

Michael Kidorf, Robert Brooner, L. Van King, Kenneth Stoller, Jennifer Wertz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the predictive validity of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (Spitzer, Williams, Gibbon, and First, 1990) based substance dependence diagnoses (i.e., cocaine, sedative, and alcohol) for 518 opioid-dependent outpatients entering methadone maintenance. Patients were followed over I year of treatment, which involved daily methadone substitution supplemented by individual and group counseling. Urine specimens were tested randomly 1-4 times per month. Patients diagnosed with current cocaine, sedative, or alcohol dependence were more likely to use these drugs than were patients with past only or no dependence syndrome. Current cocaine dependence predicted early treatment dropout. The results demonstrate the predictive and discriminant validity of several substance dependence diagnoses common among patients in substance abuse or other psychiatric treatment settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Cocaine-Related Disorders
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Methadone
Hylobates
Cocaine
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Opioid Analgesics
Psychiatry
Counseling
Outpatients
Therapeutics
Alcohols
Urine
Interviews
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Predictive validity of cocaine, sedative, and alcohol dependence diagnoses. / Kidorf, Michael; Brooner, Robert; Van King, L.; Stoller, Kenneth; Wertz, Jennifer.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 66, No. 1, 1998, p. 168-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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