Prediction of ADHD in boys and girls using the D-KEFS

Ericka L. Wodka, Christopher Loftis, Stewart H. Mostofsky, Cristine Prahme, Jennifer C.Gidley Larson, Martha B. Denckla, E. Mark Mahone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To examine patterns of executive dysfunction associated with ADHD, 123 children (54 ADHD, 69 controls) of ages 8-16 years were administered selected subtests from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS). Children with ADHD performed significantly worse than controls on measures of both basic (less executive demand) skills and those with more executive demand from the Color-Word Interference and Tower subtests; however, no group differences were noted on any of the D-KEFS contrast scores. Most subtype comparisons yielded no differences; however, children with the Combined subtype outperformed children with the Inattentive subtype on measures of both basic and executive skills from the Trail Making Test. Children with ADHD demonstrate executive dysfunction that is identified by D-KEFS summary, but not contrast scores. In this carefully screened sample of children with ADHD, few significant differences were found between groups suggesting limited sensitivity or specificity of the D-KEFS for classifying children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-293
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

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Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Children
  • Classification
  • Executive function
  • Pediatrics
  • Subtype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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