Predicting the number and sizes of IBD regions among family members and evaluating the family size requirement for linkage studies

Wanling Yang, Zhanyong Wang, Lusheng Wang, Pak Chung Sham, Peng Huang, Yu Lung Lau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With genotyping of high-density single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) replacing that of microsatellite markers in linkage studies, it becomes possible to accurately determine the genomic regions shared identity by descent (IBD) by family members. In addition to evaluating the likelihood of linkage for a region with the underlining disease (the LOD score approach), an appropriate question to ask is what would be the expected number and sizes of IBD regions among the affecteds, as there could be more than one region reaching the maximum achievable LOD score for a given family. Here, we introduce a computer program to allow the prediction of the total number of IBD regions among family members and their sizes. Reversely, it can be used to predict the portion of the genome that can be excluded from consideration according to the family size and user-defined inheritance mode and penetrance. Such information has implications on the feasibility of conducting linkage analysis on a given family of certain size and structure or on a few small families when interfamily homogeneity can be assumed. It can also help determine the most relevant members to be genotyped for such a study. Simulation results showed that the IBD regions containing true mutations are usually larger than regions IBD due to random chance. We have made use of this feature in our program to allow evaluation of the identified IBD regions based on Bayesian probability calculation and simulation results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1535-1543
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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