Predicting malignancy from mammography findings and image-guided core biopsies

Pedro Ferreira, Nuno A. Fonseca, Inês Dutra, Ryan Woods, Elizabeth Burnside

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The main goal of this work is to produce machine learning models that predict the outcome of a mammography from a reduced set of annotated mammography findings. In the study we used a dataset consisting of 348 consecutive breast masses that underwent image guided core biopsy performed between October 2005 and December 2007 on 328 female subjects. We applied various algorithms with parameter variation to learn from the data. The tasks were to predict mass density and to predict malignancy. The best classifier that predicts mass density is based on a support vector machine and has accuracy of 81.3%. The expert correctly annotated 70% of the mass densities. The best classifier that predicts malignancy is also based on a support vector machine and has accuracy of 85.6%, with a positive predictive value of 85%. One important contribution of this work is that our model can predict malignancy in the absence of the mass density attribute, since we can fill up this attribute using our mass density predictor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-276
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • BI-RADS
  • Machine learning
  • Mammography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Information Systems
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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