Predicting longitudinal changes in caregiver physical and mental health: A stress process model

Kathryn T. Goode, William E. Haley, David L. Roth, Greg R. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alzheimer's family caregivers (N = 122) reported on physical and mental health, as well as stress process variables, at baseline and at a 1-year follow-up. Hierarchical regression analyses of stress process models revealed that increases in primary stressors (e.g., patient sell-care and behavioral problems) did not directly affect changes in the mental and physical health outcome variables. However, analyses of models of direct, mediated, and moderated effects revealed that psychosocial resource variables (appraisals, coping responses, and social support) were related to caregiver outcomes over time through several mechanisms. In particular, benign appraisals of stressors, the use of approach coping, and greater levels of social support were associated with more positive caregiver health outcomes over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-198
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Appraisals
  • Coping
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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