Predicting Anxiety Diagnoses and Severity with the CBCL-A: Improvement Relative to Other CBCL Scales?

Kendra L. Read, Cara A. Settipani, Jeremy Peterman, Philip C. Kendall, Scott Compton, John Piacentini, James McCracken, Lindsey Bergman, John Walkup, Dara Sakolsky, Boris Birmaher, Anne Marie Albano, Moira Rynn, Golda Ginsburg, Courtney Keeton, Elizabeth Gosch, Cynthia Suveg, Joel Sherrill, John March

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is a widely used parent-report of child and adolescent behavior. We examined the ability of the CBCL-A scale, a previously published subset of CBCL items, to predict the presence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), and social phobia (SoP), as well as anxiety severity, among 488 youth randomized in the Child Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS). We predicted that the CBCL-A’s unique inclusion of items related to somatic symptoms would better identify anxiety disorder and severity than other CBCL scales, given that somatic complaints are often key features of anxiety among youth. Results support the use of the anxiety-based CBCL subscales as first-line screeners for generally elevated symptoms of anxiety, rather than tools to identify specific anxiety disorders. Although somatic symptoms are often reported and included in diagnostic criteria for certain anxiety disorders (e.g., SAD, GAD), the unique combination of somatic and non-somatic symptoms for the CBCL-A subscale did not increase its ability to consistently predict the presence of specific anxiety disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-111
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Child anxiety
  • Child behavior checklist
  • Clinical utility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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