High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) is the one well-documented precursor to adenocarcinoma of the prostate. This review article defines both low- and high-grade PIN. Unusual variants of high-grade PIN are illustrated. Benign lesions that may be confused with high-grade PIN, including central zone histology, clear cell cribriform hyperplasia, and basal cell hyperplasia are described and illustrated. High-grade PIN is also differentiated from invasive acinar (usual) and ductal adenocarcinoma. The incidence of high-grade PIN, its relationship to carcinoma (including molecular findings), and risk of cancer on rebiopsy are covered in detail. Finally, intraductal carcinoma of the prostate, a controversial entity, is discussed and differentiated from high-grade PIN.
- Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate
- Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology