Human vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) exhibit upregulation of inducible heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), upon exposure to oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDL(ox)). The presence of Hsp70 is thought to protect the cell against the toxic effects of the modified lipoprotein. In order to test this hypothesis, Hsp70 in SMC was upregulated by exposure to Δ12 prostaglandin J2 (Δ12PGJ2) before cells were exposed to LDL(ox). Hsp70 levels were measured after exposure to Δ12PGJ2 and before exposure to LDL(ox). Cell protection was monitored after LDL(ox) exposure by determination of cell toxicity measured by cell lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release into the medium. Cells treated with Δ12PGJ2 exhibited a 23-fold increase in Hsp70 levels and 56% lower LDH activity release after exposure to LDL(ox) when compared to cells that were not pretreated with Δ12PGJ2. In addition, cells pretreated with prostaglandins that did not induce Hsp70 did not exhibit increased tolerance against the toxic effects of LDL(ox). The results support a protective role for Hsp70 against the toxic effects of LDL(ox) and hint at the potential for the use of small molecules for the prevention of deleterious effects of LDL(ox) through heat shock protein upregulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Mar 16 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology