Preconception and contraceptive care for women living with HIV

Mary Jo Hoyt, Deborah S. Storm, Erika Aaron, Jean Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Women living with HIV have fertility desires and intentions that are similar to those of uninfected women, and with advances in treatment most women can realistically plan to have and raise children to adulthood. Although HIV may have adverse effects on fertility, recent studies suggest that antiretroviral therapy may increase or restore fertility. Data indicate the increasing numbers of women living with HIV who are becoming pregnant, and that many pregnancies are unintended and contraception is underutilized, reflecting an unmet need for preconception care (PCC). In addition to the PCC appropriate for all women of reproductive age, women living with HIV require comprehensive, specialized care that addresses their unique needs. The goals of PCC for women living with HIV are to prevent unintended pregnancy, optimize maternal health prior to pregnancy, improve maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy, prevent perinatal HIV transmission, and prevent HIV transmission to an HIV-uninfected sexual partner when trying to conceive. This paper discusses the rationale for preconception counseling and care in the setting of HIV and reviews current literature relevant to the content and considerations in providing PCC for women living with HIV, with a primary focus on well-resourced settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number604183
JournalInfectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume2012
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Preconception and contraceptive care for women living with HIV'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this