Preclosure pressure gradients predict patent ductus arteriosus patients at risk for later left pulmonary artery stenosis

Srinath T. Gowda, Shelby Kutty, Makram Ebeid, Athar M. Qureshi, Sarah Worley, Larry A. Latson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pre-existing catheterization left pulmonary artery (LPA) gradients and correlation of these gradients with later LPA stenosis after successful patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion. We performed a single-center review of 130 patients with PDA closure from October 1993 to February 2005. We analyzed the pre-PDA closure LPA pressure gradients at catheterization to determine if these were predictive of late LPA stenosis. On follow-up, a Vmax >2 m/s by echocardiogram (transthoracic echocardiography; TTE) was considered indicative of possible LPA stenosis. Left lung perfusion of <35% was considered diagnostic of significant LPA stenosis. Post PDA closure, possible LPA stenosis by TTE was seen in 8 of 128 patients (6.25%). Seven of these eight had precatheter LPA gradients >7 mm Hg. Five of these had perfusion scans, three of the five had significant LPA stenosis, and two underwent LPA angioplasty. Patients with LPA catheter gradients ≥7 mm Hg were more likely to have possible LPA stenosis by TTE, significant LPA stenosis by lung scan, and intervention with LPA angioplasty. In conclusion, a preclosure main pulmonary artery-to-LPA pressure gradient ≥7 mm Hg was found in all patients who developed significant LPA stenosis on follow-up after transcatheter PDA closure. It appears likely that these patients have LPA abnormality rather than stenosis caused by the PDA occlusion device. Patients with preclosure LPA gradients ≥7 mm Hg should undergo follow-up evaluations for detection of significant stenosis and may require treatment if an important flow abnormality is documented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-887
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Left pulmonary artery stenosis
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Transcatheter therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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