Elucidating the molecular pathways active in pathologic tissues has important implications for defining disease subsets, selecting therapy, and monitoring disease activity. The development of therapeutics directed at IFN-α or IFN-γ makes the discovery of probes that report precisely on the activity of different IFN pathways a high priority. We show that, although type I and II IFNs induce the expression of a largely overlapping group of molecules, precise probes of IFN-γ activity can be defined. Used in combination, these probes show prominent IFN-γ effects in Sjögren syndrome (SS) tissues. In contrast, dermatomyositis muscle shows a dominant type I IFN pattern. Interestingly, heterogeneity of IFN signatures exists in patients with SS, with some patients demonstrating a predominant type I pattern. The biochemical patterns largely distinguish the target tissues in patients with SS from those with dermatomyositis and provide a relative weighting of the effects of distinct IFN pathways in specific biopsies. In SS, type I and II IFN effects are localized to the same epithelial cells, surrounded by inflammatory cells expressing IFN-γ-induced proteins, suggesting reinforcing interactions. Precise probes of the different IFN pathways active in tissues of complex rheumatic diseases will be critical to classify disease, elucidate pathogenesis, and select therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Oct 23 2012|
- Molecular pathology
ASJC Scopus subject areas