Preliminary data from a study of the effects of anemia on organ blood flow showed large discrepancies between cardiac output measured with the microsphere technique and simultaneous values calculated by the Fick principle. The most likely explanation was that the reference sample draw according to our standard procedure underestimated the microsphere concentration in arterial blood, resulting in erroneously high blood flow values. In the present experiments we compared our usual reference sample, from a small catheter advanced from a peripheral artery into the brachiocephalic artery (withdrawal rate 1.3 ml/min), with a simultaneous sample from a large catheter withdrawn at the much higher rate (7.89 ml/min). At hematocrits above 32%, microsphere concentrations from the two catheters were similar, but below 32% the concentration of microspheres in blood from the larger catheter was 30-50% more than from the smaller. The discrepancy was not altered by changing the injection site from left ventricle to left atrium and thus was probably not the result of nonhomogeneous distribution of microspheres within larger vessels, perhaps as a consequence of laminar flow and axial streaming of both red blood cells and microspheres during anemia. Whatever the cause, it was possible to eliminate the difference by withdrawing from the smaller catheter at a more rapid rate (2.46 ml/min).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)