Pre-clinical evaluation and efficacy studies of a melanin-binding IgM antibody labeled with 188Re against experimental human metastatic melanoma in nude mice

Ekaterina Dadachova, E. Revskaya, M. A. Sesay, H. Damania, R. Boucher, R. S. Sellers, R. C. Howell, L. Burns, G. B. Thornton, A. Natarajan, G. R. Mirick, S. J. DeNardo, G. L. DeNardo, A. Casadevall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Currently there is no satisfactory treatment for metastatic melanoma. Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) uses the antigen-antibody interaction to deliver lethal radiation to target cells. Recently we established the feasibility of targeting melanin in tumors with 188-Rhenium ( 188Re)-labeled 6D2 mAb to melanin. Here we carried out pre-clinical development of 188Re-6D2 to accrue information necessary for a Phase I trial in patients with metastatic melanoma. Results: TCEP proved to be effective in generating a sufficient number of -SH groups on 6D2 to ensure high radiolabeling yields with 188Re and preserved its structural integrity. 188Re-6D2 was quickly cleared from the blood with the half-life of approximately 5 hrs and from the body - with the half-life of 10 hr. The doses of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mCi significantly (p < 0.05) slowed down A2058 tumor growth in nude mice, also causing release of melanin into the extracellular space which could provide additional target for repeated treatments. Transient effects of RIT on WBC and platelet counts resolved by Day 14 post-treatment. Experimental design: Tris(2-Carboxyethyl) Phosphine Hydrochloride (TCEP) was evaluated as potential agent for generation of -SH groups on 6D2 mAb. TCEP-treated 6D2 mAb was radiolabeled with 188Re and its radiochemical purity and stability was measured by ITLC and HPLC and its immunoreactivity - by melanin-binding ELISA. The pharmacokinetics, therapeutic efficacy and acute hematologic toxicity studies were performed in nude mice bearing lightly pigmented A2058 human metastatic melanoma tumors. Conclusions: We have developed radiolabeling and quality control procedures for melanin-binding 188Re-6D2 mAb which made possible currently an on-going Phase I clinical trial in patients with metastatic melanoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1127
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • 188-Rhenium
  • Clinical trial
  • Melanin-binding antibody
  • Melanoma
  • Radioimmunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research


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