Prasugrel development - Claims and achievements

Victor Serebruany, Inna Shalito, Olga Kopyleva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The priority task to develop better and safer antiplatelet agents is difficult to overestimate. In fact, oral antiplatelet agents, such as aspirin in ISIS-2 study, and clopidogrel in COMMIT mega trial in moderate doses are among the very few classes of drugs, which lead to the absolute mortality reduction benefit in patients after acute vascular thrombotic events. Prasugrel is an experimental thienopyridine, and irreversible antagonist of ADP P2Y12 receptor leading to inhibition of platelet activation and aggregation.The recent TRITON trial, assessing head-to-head prasugrel versus standard of care clopidogrel, both on top of aspirin, reveals numerous controversies with regard to the trial design, definition of events, interpretation of the results, and suitability of the high maintenance prasugrel dose for chronic preventive human use.We critically review various aspects of prasugrel development, focusing on the discrepancies between claims and achievements. We conclude that the benefits of prasugrel are overestimated, and the risks, especially during chronic use are underestimated. Very careful maintenance-dose selection with the main focus on long-term safety profile for the new agents will become a key to success for the future oral antiplatelet drug development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Antiplatelet agents
  • Atherothrombosis
  • Clinical trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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