Practice parameter: Immunotherapy for Guillain-Barré syndrome - Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology

R. A.C. Hughes, E. F.M. Wijdicks, R. Barohn, E. Benson, D. R. Cornblath, A. F. Hahn, J. M. Meythaler, R. G. Miller, J. T. Sladky, J. C. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To provide an evidence-based statement to guide physicians in the management of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Methods: Literature search and derivation of evidence-based statements concerning the use of immunotherapy were performed. Results: Treatment with plasma exchange (PE) or IV immunoglobulin (IVIg) hastens recovery from GBS. Combining the two treatments is not beneficial. Steroid treatment given alone is not beneficial. Recommendations: 1) PE is recommended for nonambulant adult patients with GBS who seek treatment within 4 weeks of the onset of neuropathic symptoms. PE should also be considered for ambulant patients examined within 2 weeks of the onset of neuropathic symptoms; 2) IVIg is recommended for nonambulant adult patients with GBS within 2 or possibly 4 weeks of the onset of neuropathic symptoms. The effects of PE and IVIg are equivalent; 3) Corticosteroids are not recommended for the management of GBS; 4) Sequential treatment with PE followed by IVIg, or immunoabsorption followed by IVIg is not recommended for patients with GBS; and 5) PE and IVIg are treatment options for children with severe GBS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)736-740
Number of pages5
JournalNeurology
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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