pp32 (ANP32A) is a nuclear phosphoprotein expressed as a nonmutated form in self-renewing cell populations and neoplastic cells. Mechanistically, pp32 may regulate pathways important in the process of differentiation as part of separate complexes inhibiting histone acetylation and regulating immediate-early and cytokine mRNA stability. Prostatic adenocarcinomas express pp32 in a differentiation related manner-well-differentiated tumors express lower levels of pp32 than poorly differentiated tumors. In benign prostate, pp32 is expressed in basal cells but not in terminally differentiated glandular cells. Based on these observations, we hypothesized that reduction of pp32 expression might be an important differentiation signal We used antisense pp32 and RNAi transfection to study the effects of reduced pp32 expression in the TSU-Pr1 carcinoma cell line. pp32 reduction induced TSU-Pr1 cells to differentiate into neuronal-like cells with associated inhibition of growth. Reduction of pp32 and consequent differentiation were accompanied by a marked reduction in expression of SET, which complexes with pp32, by a marked change in acetylation status of histone H4, and by further differential expression of genes in differentiation pathways. Thus, reduction of pp32 in the undifferentiated TSU-Pr1 neoplastic cell line induces differentiation and thus may be an element of a differentiation control pathway in both normal and neoplastic cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine