Poverty and Psychiatric Status: Longitudinal Evidence From the New Haven Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study

Martha Livingston Bruce, David T. Takeuchi, Philip Leaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

• We assessed the effect of poverty on psychiatric status using two waves of New Haven (Conn) Epidemiologic Catchment Area data. Poverty was defined using federal poverty guidelines; psychiatric status was assessed by the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS). When examining the course of healthy respondents at the first interview, respondents in poverty had a twofoldincreased risk (controlling for demographic factors) for an episode of at least one DIS/DSM-III Axis I psychiatric disorder. Rates of most specific psychiatric disorders were comparably higher for respondents meeting poverty criteria compared with those not in poverty, although these differences were not always statistically significant. The effects of poverty did not differ by sex, age, race, or history of psychiatric episodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-474
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

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Poverty
Psychiatry
Interviews
Appointments and Schedules
Catchment
Area Studies
New Haven
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Demography
Guidelines
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Poverty and Psychiatric Status : Longitudinal Evidence From the New Haven Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. / Bruce, Martha Livingston; Takeuchi, David T.; Leaf, Philip.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 48, No. 5, 1991, p. 470-474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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