Potentiation of cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction by beta-adrenergic blockade

Richard A. Lange, Ricardo G. Cigarroa, Eduardo D. Flores, Wade McBride, Anatole S. Kim, Peter J. Wells, John B. Bedotto, Robert S. Danziger, L. David Hillis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objective: To determine whether beta-adrenergic blockade augments cocaine-induced coronary artery vasoconstriction. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: A cardiac catheterization laboratory in an urban teaching hospital. Patients: Thirty clinically stable patient volunteers referred for catheterization for evaluation of chest pain. Interventions: Heart rate, arterial pressure, coronary sinus blood flow (by thermodilution), and epicardial left coronary arterial dimensions were measured before and 15 minutes after intranasal saline or cocaine administration (2 mg/kg body weight) and again after intracoronary propranolol administration (2 mg in 5 minutes). Measurements and Main Results: No variables changed after saline administration. After cocaine administration, arterial pressure and rate-pressure product increased; coronary sinus blood flow fell (139 ±28 [mean ± SE] to 120 ± 20 mL/min); coronary vascular resistance (mean arterial pressure divided by coronary sinus blood flow) rose (0.87 ± 0.10 to 1.05 ± 0.10 mm Hg/mL · min); and coronary arterial diameters decreased by between 6% and 9% (P <0.05 for all variables). Subsequently, intracoronary propranolol administration caused no change in arterial pressure or rate-pressure product but further decreased coronary sinus blood flow (to 100 ± 14 mL/min) and increased coronary vascular resistance (to 1.20 ± 0.12 mm Hg/mL · min) (P <0.05 for both). Conclusions: Cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction is potentiated by beta-adrenergic blockade. Beta-adrenergic blocking agents probably should be avoided in patients with cocaine-associated myocardial ischemia or infarction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-903
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Volume112
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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