Potential Operating Room Fire Hazard of Bone Cement

Udai S. Sibia, Kevin Connors, Sarah Dyckman, Hamid R. Zahiri, Ivan George, Adrian Park, James H. MacDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Approximately 600 cases of operating room (OR) fires are reported annually. Despite extensive fire safety education and training, complete elimination of OR fires still has not been achieved. Each fire requires an ignition source, a fuel source, and an oxidizer. In this case report, we describe the potential fire hazard of bone cement in the OR. A total knee arthroplasty was performed with a standard medial parapatellar arthrotomy. Tourniquet control was used. After bone cement was applied to the prepared tibial surface, the surgeon used an electrocautery device to resect residual lateral meniscus tissue-and started a fire in the operative field. The surgeon suffocated the fire with a dry towel and prevented injury to the patient. We performed a PubMed search with a cross-reference search for relevant papers and found no case reports outlining bone cement as a potential fire hazard in the OR. To our knowledge, this is the first case report identifying bone cement as a fire hazard. OR fires related to bone cement can be eliminated by correctly assessing the setting time of the cement and avoiding application sites during electrocautery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E512-E514
JournalAmerican journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
Volume45
Issue number7
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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