Potential Acuity Meter for Predicting Postoperative Visual Acuity in Penetrating Keratoplasty: A New Method Using a Hard Contact Lens

William E. Smiddy, Tracey H. Horowitz, Walter J. Stark, Pamela Klein, Gregory P. Kracher, A. Edward Maumenee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An irregular corneal surface degrades the optical transmission and limits the effectiveness of the potential acuity meter (PAM) in predicting postkeratoplasty visual acuity. The authors investigated the efficacy of using a temporarily placed hard contact lens to neutralize surface irregularities in conjunction with the PAM in predicting post-keratoplasty visual acuity. A prospective evaluation was performed on 40 keratoplasty patients with a mean follow-up of 10.4 months. Of 27 patients with corneas clear enough to permit them to read letters on the PAM chart, 17 (63%) had very accurately predicted visual acuities by this new method, compared to only eight patients (30%) with the PAM alone. Three patients had predicted visions better than final vision, but this was due to a concurrent cataract in two cases and chronic cystoid macular edema (CME) in the third case. This study indicates that temporarily placing a hard contact lens for use with the PAM can increase its accuracy in predicting final visual acuity after penetrating keratoplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-16
Number of pages5
JournalOphthalmology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

Keywords

  • hard contact lens
  • keratoplasty
  • potential acuity meter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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