Electron affinity (EA) and electrophilicity index (ω) of 16 synthetic triterpenoids (TP), previously identified as inducers of cytoprotective enzymes and as inhibitors of cellular inflammatory responses, have been calculated by the molecular orbital method. Linear correlations were obtained by plotting the values of EA, as well as those of ω versus (i) the potencies of induction of NAD(P)H quinone reductase (NQO1, EC 18.104.22.168), a cytoprotective enzyme, expressed via the concentration of TP required to double the specific activity of NQO1 (CD value) and (ii) the values of their anti-inflammatory activity expressed via the IC-50 of TP for suppression of upregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, EC 22.214.171.124), both previously experimentally determined. The observed correlations demonstrate quantitatively for a series of triterpenoids that their electrophilicity is a major factor determining their potency as inducers of the cytoprotective phase 2 response and as inhibitors of inflammatory processes.
- Electron affinity
- NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase 1
- Quantum chemical calculations
- Structure-activity relationships
ASJC Scopus subject areas