Postprandial response of gastric slow waves: Correlation of serosal recordings with the electrogastrogram

Zhiyue Lin, J. D.Z. Chen, Bruce D. Schirmer, Richard W. McCallum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Controversial interpretations have been given to the postprandial increase in the dominant power (amplitude) of the electrogastrogram (EGG). The aim of this study was to find an appropriate interpretation of the postprandial EGG power changes. Simultaneous serosal and cutaneous recordings of gastric myoelectrical activity were made in 11 patients with gastroparesis in the fasting state and after the ingestion of 8 oz of water. The dominant frequency and corresponding power of the recording before and after water were computed using the power spectral analysis method. It was found that the dominant frequency of the EGG was the same as that of the serosal recording in 10 patients. One patient showed a substantial amount of dysrhythmia and no obvious dominant frequency was noted. A decrease in the dominant frequency was found in these 10 patients after the ingestion of water. Tachygastria of higher than 4 cycles/min was observed in one of 11 patients both in the prewater and postwater states. Consistent changes in amplitude after a drink of water were noted in both serosal recording and EGG. Statistical analysis demonstrated that the dominant power change after water computed from the EGG was correlated with that observed in the serosal recording (r = 0.757, P = 0.007). In conclusion, exogenous stimulation, such as ingestion of water, may change the amplitude of the gastric slow wave and this change is reflected in the EGG, suggesting that the change of the slow-wave amplitude is an important contributing factor to the postprandial change in the EGG dominant power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrogastrogram
  • Gastric myoelectrical activity
  • Gastrointestinal motility
  • Gastroparesis
  • Stomach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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