PURPOSES:: To evaluate outcomes after placement of fluocinolone acetonide (FA) implants in eyes with birdshot chorioretinitis and to compare these outcomes with eyes with posterior and panuveitis. METHODS:: This is a retrospective cohort study of 48 eyes from patients with posterior and panuveitis treated with FA implants from 2006 to 2010. Outcome measures include visual acuity, intraocular pressure, need for glaucoma surgery, postoperative complications, and control of inflammation. RESULTS:: All eyes treated with FA implants achieved improved control of inflammation and decreased reliance on adjunctive therapy. Birdshot chorioretinitis eyes had a statistically significant increase in intraocular pressure in the first 4 months after FA implantation (P = 0.04) compared with baseline intraocular pressure. A higher percentage of eyes with birdshot chorioretinitis required glaucoma surgery and after a shorter time period after FA implantation than did eyes with other forms of posterior and panuveitis (0.42/eye-year vs. 0.11/eye-year; median time to glaucoma surgery: 15.5 months vs. 31.5 months respectively, hazard ratio, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-10.8, P = 0.04). CONCLUSION:: Although the FA implant is effective in controlling inflammation and reducing the need for systemic immunosuppressive therapy, eyes of patients with birdshot chorioretinitis tend to have a more robust intraocular pressure response to the FA implant than eyes with other types of posterior and panuveitis.
- birdshot chorioretinitis
- fluocinolone acetonide implant
- posterior uveitis
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