Post-event information affects children's autobiographical memory after one year

Kamala London, Maggie Bruck, Laura Melnyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In two experiments, we examined whether post-event information (PEI) about true and false events persisted in children's reports after approximately 1 year. In Experiment 1, 4- to 6-year-olds were given PEI and then were given memory tests 2 weeks and 15 months later. Although PEI appeared in free recall at the initial testing, it decreased substantially by the long-term test. In contrast, on recognition tasks the children showed facilitation and misinformation effects at initial and follow-up tests. Experiment 2 replicated lasting misinformation and facilitation effects in recognition memory among 4- to 9-year-olds who were tested after 1-week and 10-month delays. We conclude that true and false reminders about an experienced event continue to affect children's memory approximately 1 year later.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-355
Number of pages12
JournalLaw and Human Behavior
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Autobiographical memory
  • Delayed memory report
  • Forensic interviews
  • Suggestibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law

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