Possible underestimation of nitrosatable amine levels in artificial saliva extracts of children's rubber pacifiers and baby-bottle teats.

M. Castegnaro, J. R. Pollock, M. Friesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples from various countries were analysed for their content of N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines. Using a method involving extraction with artificial saliva, several nitrosamines including N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine (NDBA), N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) were detected in addition to the three nitrosatable amines dibutylamine (DBA), diethylamine (DEA) and dimethylamine (DMA). Upon nitrosation in artificial saliva, these amines produced not only the related N-nitrosamines but also relatively high levels of the corresponding nitramines--N-nitrodibutylamine (NTDBA), N-nitrodiethylamine (NTDEA) and N-nitrodimethylamine (NTDMA). Thus, both N-nitramines and N-nitrosamines should be measured after nitrosation; otherwise, the method probably underestimates the quantities of nitrosatable amines present in artificial saliva extracts. Whether N-nitramines, some of which have been shown to be both mutagenic and carcinogenic, are formed in the saliva of babies exposed to these products remains to be confirmed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-379
Number of pages3
JournalIARC scientific publications
Issue number84
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Pacifiers
Artificial Saliva
Nitrosamines
Rubber
Amines
Nitrosation
dibutylnitrosamine
Dimethylnitrosamine
Diethylnitrosamine
Nipples
Saliva
nitramine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Possible underestimation of nitrosatable amine levels in artificial saliva extracts of children's rubber pacifiers and baby-bottle teats. / Castegnaro, M.; Pollock, J. R.; Friesen, M.

In: IARC scientific publications, No. 84, 1987, p. 377-379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples from various countries were analysed for their content of N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines. Using a method involving extraction with artificial saliva, several nitrosamines including N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine (NDBA), N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) were detected in addition to the three nitrosatable amines dibutylamine (DBA), diethylamine (DEA) and dimethylamine (DMA). Upon nitrosation in artificial saliva, these amines produced not only the related N-nitrosamines but also relatively high levels of the corresponding nitramines--N-nitrodibutylamine (NTDBA), N-nitrodiethylamine (NTDEA) and N-nitrodimethylamine (NTDMA). Thus, both N-nitramines and N-nitrosamines should be measured after nitrosation; otherwise, the method probably underestimates the quantities of nitrosatable amines present in artificial saliva extracts. Whether N-nitramines, some of which have been shown to be both mutagenic and carcinogenic, are formed in the saliva of babies exposed to these products remains to be confirmed.",
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AU - Pollock, J. R.

AU - Friesen, M.

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AB - Children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples from various countries were analysed for their content of N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines. Using a method involving extraction with artificial saliva, several nitrosamines including N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine (NDBA), N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) were detected in addition to the three nitrosatable amines dibutylamine (DBA), diethylamine (DEA) and dimethylamine (DMA). Upon nitrosation in artificial saliva, these amines produced not only the related N-nitrosamines but also relatively high levels of the corresponding nitramines--N-nitrodibutylamine (NTDBA), N-nitrodiethylamine (NTDEA) and N-nitrodimethylamine (NTDMA). Thus, both N-nitramines and N-nitrosamines should be measured after nitrosation; otherwise, the method probably underestimates the quantities of nitrosatable amines present in artificial saliva extracts. Whether N-nitramines, some of which have been shown to be both mutagenic and carcinogenic, are formed in the saliva of babies exposed to these products remains to be confirmed.

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