Positive Recognition Program Increases Compliance With Medication Reconciliation by Resident Physicians in an Outpatient Clinic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this study was to determine if well-understood, positive reinforcement performance improvement models can successfully improve compliance by resident physicians with medication reconciliation in an outpatient clinical setting. During the preintervention phase, 36 anesthesiology residents who rotate in an outpatient pain clinic were instructed in the medication reconciliation process. During the postintervention phase, instruction was given, and then improvement was recognized publicly. Data on physician compliance were collected monthly. The authors performed a secondary analysis of the audit database, which contained 1733 patient charts. The data were divided into preintervention and postintervention phases for comparison. A 4-fold increase in compliance was found. When logistic regression was used to adjust for adaptation of resident physicians over time and year, the odds of reconciling were 82% higher postintervention. By the consistent application of this effective tool, the authors have demonstrated that sustained performance of a tedious but important task can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Quality
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013



  • ambulatory care facilities
  • motivation
  • positive reinforcement
  • quality improvement
  • residency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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