Population-Wide Sodium Reduction: The Bumpy Road from Evidence to Policy

Lawrence J. Appel, Sonia Y. Angell, Laura K. Cobb, Heather M. Limper, David E. Nelson, Jonathan M. Samet, Ross C. Brownson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Elevated blood pressure is a highly prevalent condition that is etiologically related to coronary heart disease and stroke, two of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Excess salt (sodium chloride) intake is a major determinant of elevated blood pressure. In this article, we discuss the scientific rationale for population-wide salt reduction, the types and strength of available evidence, policy-making on dietary salt intake in the United States and other countries, and the role and impact of key stakeholders. We highlight a number of lessons learned, many of which are germane to policy development in other domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of epidemiology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Hypertension
  • Nutrition
  • Policy
  • Salt
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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    Appel, L. J., Angell, S. Y., Cobb, L. K., Limper, H. M., Nelson, D. E., Samet, J. M., & Brownson, R. C. (2012). Population-Wide Sodium Reduction: The Bumpy Road from Evidence to Policy. Annals of epidemiology, 22(6), 417-425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2012.04.003