Estudio poblacional de prevalencia de cisticercosis porcina en Atahualpa, Ecuador. Metodología y definiciones operacionales

Translated title of the contribution: Population-based study of porcine cysticercosis Prevalence In Atahualpa, Ecuador. Methodology and operational definitions

Oscar H. Del Brutto, Gianfranco Arroyo, Armandoe Gonzalez, Mauricio Zambrano, Héctor H. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess sero-prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Atahualpa, a rural Ecuadorian village endemic for human neurocysticercosis. Design: We aim to collect at least 600 blood samples of local pigs, to quantify the number of positive bands in the EITB, and to estimate crude prevalence rates of porcine cysticercosis in the village. Sampling will only include pigs older than 2 months of age. Only healthy pigs will be sampled, to avoid risks inherent to manipulation of sick animals. There will be no risk for pigs as the result of the procedure. According to the estimated endemicity of human cysticercosis, we expect to find about 25% of infected pigs in this study. In the event of prevalence rates above or below the expected percentage, we will attempt to assess the causes of such discrepancies. All pig positive to 3 bands of more in the EITB will receive treatment with oxfendazole at a single dose of 30 mg/kg. Comment: The importance of defining the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in a village endemic for human neurocysticercosis is to confirm the existence of active transmission. If this is true, treatment of infected pigs will help to interrupt the life cycle of Taenia solium, thus reducing the prevalence of this disease in humans..

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia
Volume26
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ecuador
Cysticercosis
Swine
Population
Neurocysticercosis
Taenia solium
Life Cycle Stages

Keywords

  • Atahualpa
  • Cysticercosis
  • Immunoblot
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Population-based study
  • Porcine cysticercosis
  • Western blot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Estudio poblacional de prevalencia de cisticercosis porcina en Atahualpa, Ecuador. Metodología y definiciones operacionales. / Del Brutto, Oscar H.; Arroyo, Gianfranco; Gonzalez, Armandoe; Zambrano, Mauricio; Garcia, Héctor H.

In: Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2017, p. 17-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Del Brutto, Oscar H. ; Arroyo, Gianfranco ; Gonzalez, Armandoe ; Zambrano, Mauricio ; Garcia, Héctor H. / Estudio poblacional de prevalencia de cisticercosis porcina en Atahualpa, Ecuador. Metodología y definiciones operacionales. In: Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 17-22.
@article{6c626333df114b9dbf4748ae37015439,
title = "Estudio poblacional de prevalencia de cisticercosis porcina en Atahualpa, Ecuador. Metodolog{\'i}a y definiciones operacionales",
abstract = "Objective: To assess sero-prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Atahualpa, a rural Ecuadorian village endemic for human neurocysticercosis. Design: We aim to collect at least 600 blood samples of local pigs, to quantify the number of positive bands in the EITB, and to estimate crude prevalence rates of porcine cysticercosis in the village. Sampling will only include pigs older than 2 months of age. Only healthy pigs will be sampled, to avoid risks inherent to manipulation of sick animals. There will be no risk for pigs as the result of the procedure. According to the estimated endemicity of human cysticercosis, we expect to find about 25{\%} of infected pigs in this study. In the event of prevalence rates above or below the expected percentage, we will attempt to assess the causes of such discrepancies. All pig positive to 3 bands of more in the EITB will receive treatment with oxfendazole at a single dose of 30 mg/kg. Comment: The importance of defining the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in a village endemic for human neurocysticercosis is to confirm the existence of active transmission. If this is true, treatment of infected pigs will help to interrupt the life cycle of Taenia solium, thus reducing the prevalence of this disease in humans..",
keywords = "Atahualpa, Cysticercosis, Immunoblot, Neurocysticercosis, Population-based study, Porcine cysticercosis, Western blot",
author = "{Del Brutto}, {Oscar H.} and Gianfranco Arroyo and Armandoe Gonzalez and Mauricio Zambrano and Garcia, {H{\'e}ctor H.}",
year = "2017",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "26",
pages = "17--22",
journal = "Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia",
issn = "1019-8113",
publisher = "Fundacion para la difusion neurologica en Ecuador - FUNDINE",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estudio poblacional de prevalencia de cisticercosis porcina en Atahualpa, Ecuador. Metodología y definiciones operacionales

AU - Del Brutto, Oscar H.

AU - Arroyo, Gianfranco

AU - Gonzalez, Armandoe

AU - Zambrano, Mauricio

AU - Garcia, Héctor H.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Objective: To assess sero-prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Atahualpa, a rural Ecuadorian village endemic for human neurocysticercosis. Design: We aim to collect at least 600 blood samples of local pigs, to quantify the number of positive bands in the EITB, and to estimate crude prevalence rates of porcine cysticercosis in the village. Sampling will only include pigs older than 2 months of age. Only healthy pigs will be sampled, to avoid risks inherent to manipulation of sick animals. There will be no risk for pigs as the result of the procedure. According to the estimated endemicity of human cysticercosis, we expect to find about 25% of infected pigs in this study. In the event of prevalence rates above or below the expected percentage, we will attempt to assess the causes of such discrepancies. All pig positive to 3 bands of more in the EITB will receive treatment with oxfendazole at a single dose of 30 mg/kg. Comment: The importance of defining the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in a village endemic for human neurocysticercosis is to confirm the existence of active transmission. If this is true, treatment of infected pigs will help to interrupt the life cycle of Taenia solium, thus reducing the prevalence of this disease in humans..

AB - Objective: To assess sero-prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Atahualpa, a rural Ecuadorian village endemic for human neurocysticercosis. Design: We aim to collect at least 600 blood samples of local pigs, to quantify the number of positive bands in the EITB, and to estimate crude prevalence rates of porcine cysticercosis in the village. Sampling will only include pigs older than 2 months of age. Only healthy pigs will be sampled, to avoid risks inherent to manipulation of sick animals. There will be no risk for pigs as the result of the procedure. According to the estimated endemicity of human cysticercosis, we expect to find about 25% of infected pigs in this study. In the event of prevalence rates above or below the expected percentage, we will attempt to assess the causes of such discrepancies. All pig positive to 3 bands of more in the EITB will receive treatment with oxfendazole at a single dose of 30 mg/kg. Comment: The importance of defining the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in a village endemic for human neurocysticercosis is to confirm the existence of active transmission. If this is true, treatment of infected pigs will help to interrupt the life cycle of Taenia solium, thus reducing the prevalence of this disease in humans..

KW - Atahualpa

KW - Cysticercosis

KW - Immunoblot

KW - Neurocysticercosis

KW - Population-based study

KW - Porcine cysticercosis

KW - Western blot

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029595350&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85029595350&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 17

EP - 22

JO - Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia

JF - Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia

SN - 1019-8113

IS - 1

ER -