Population-based comparison of open vs laparoscopic esophagogastric fundoplication in children: Application of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality pediatric quality indicators

Daniel Rhee, Yiyi Zhang, David C. Chang, Meghan A. Arnold, Jose H. Salazar-Osuna, Kristin Chrouser, Paul M. Colombani, Fizan Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Increasing national focus on patient safety has promoted development of the pediatric quality indicators (PDIs), which screen for preventable events during provision of health care for children. Our objective is to apply these safety metrics to compare 2 surgical procedures in children, specifically laparoscopic and open esophagogastric fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux. Methods: A retrospective analysis using 20 years of data from national representative state inpatient databases through the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project was conducted. Patients younger than 18 years with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, codes for open or laparoscopic esophagogastric fundoplication were included. Pediatric quality indicators were linked to each patient's profile. Demographics, comorbidities, outcomes, and 8 selected PDIs between open and laparoscopic fundoplications were compared using Pearson χ2 tests and t tests. Results: Of 33,533 patients identified, 28,141 underwent open and 5392 underwent laparoscopic fundoplication. Comorbidities occurred more frequently in open surgery. In-hospital mortality, length of stay, and hospital charges were less in laparoscopic surgery. Of the 8 PDIs evaluated, decubitus ulcer (P = .04) and postoperative sepsis (P = .003) had decreased rates with laparoscopic surgery compared with open. Conclusion: Laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux in children can be performed safely compared with the open approach with equivalent or improved rates of PDIs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)648-654
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Fundoplication
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Outcomes
  • Pediatric
  • Quality
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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