Polymyositis: Reduction of acetylcholine receptors in skeletal muscle

Alan Pestronk, Daniel B. Drachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In polymyositis (PM), neither the precise target nor the mechanism of the attack against skeletal muscle have yet been defined. In this study, we report evidence of a pathologic process involving a membrane component of muscle, acetylcholine receptors (AChRs). Our results show that PM patients have significantly reduced AChRs at neuromuscular junctions, averaging 55% below control values (P < 0.001). Incubation of cultured mammalian muscle cells with sera from PM patients significantly reduced (P < 0.005) the number of surface AChRs and increased their rate of degradation in 7/8 cases (P < 0.005). Similar effects were produced by purified lgG from PM patients. These results demonstrate the presence in PM patients of circulating lgG with functional effects on a component of the surface membrane of skeletal muscle. They suggest that PM and myasthenia gravis may have important features in common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalMuscle & nerve
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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