Polymorphisms within the tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha genes and endemic pemphigus foliaceus - Are there any associations?

V. M.M.S. Roxo, N. F. Pereira, D. P. Pavoni, M. T. Lin, J. A. Hansen, C. D.O. Poersch, A. Marquart Filho, M. L. Petzl-Erler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible influence of the TNF and LTA loci polymorphisms on the susceptibility/resistance to endemic pemphigus foliaceus, also named fogo selvagem (FS), an autoimmune disease characterized by blisters due to acantholysis of the superficial-most epidermal cells. Autoantibodies, mainly of the IgG4 subclass, are directed against a desmosomal glycoprotein known as desmoglein 1. FS shares clinical, histological and immunological features with nonendemic pemphigus foliaceus. Most residents of the endemic regions do not develop the disease, and familial clustering has been documented, suggesting that host factors play a role in susceptibility. In fact, strong positive and negative associations with HLA class II genes have been reported. The TNF and LTA genes are located in the class III region of the Human Major Histocompatibility Complex. Their location, the function of their products, which are cytokines and pluripotent immunomodulators, as well as their genetic variability make them candidate genes for complex diseases with an altered immune response. A total of 162 patients and 191 controls were enrolled in this study. No significant associations were found with any one of the three LTA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) analyzed (at nucleotides 249, 365, 720), nor with the TNF SNP located at positions -863 and -308. The frequency of allele TNF*238A was slightly decreased in patients (OR = 0.45). In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that genetic variability of the TNF and LTA genes does not play a major role in susceptibility/resistance to pemphigus foliaceus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-400
Number of pages7
JournalTissue Antigens
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fogo selvagem
  • Lymphotoxin-alpha
  • Pemphigus foliaceus
  • Polymorphism
  • Tumor necrosis factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics

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