Polymorphisms of DNA repair genes XRCC1 and XPD and their associations with risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in a Chinese population

Deyin Xing, Jun Qi, Xiaoping Miao, Wenfu Lu, Wen Tan, Dongxin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), which is prevalent in China, is believed to be induced by environmental carcinogens. Accumulating evidence has shown that individual variation in DNA repair capacity resulting from genetic polymorphism influences risk of environmental carcinogenesis. We therefore investigated the associations between genetic polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes XRCCI (Arg194Trp and Arg399GIn) and XPD (Asp312Asn and Lys751GIn) and risk of ESCC in an at-risk Chinese population. Genotypes were determined by a PCR-based approach in 433 patients with ESCC and 524 frequency-matched normal controls. We found that individuals with Trp/Trp genotype at XRCCI Arg194Trp site had a 2-fold increased risk of this disease compared to Arg/Arg genotype (adjusted OR = 1.98; 95% CI 1.26-3.12). Furthermore, when compared to Arg/Arg and Arg/Trp genotype combined, homozygote for Trp/Trp genotype significantly increased the risk of developing ESCC, with the adjusted OR being 2.07 (95% CI 1.34-3.20). However, the XRCCI Arg399GIn polymorphism was not significantly associated with risk of ESCC, with the adjusted OR being 0.87 (95% CI 0.55-1.37). Neither Asp312Asn nor Lys751GIn polymorphisms in the XPD gene influenced risk of ESCC in our study. These findings suggest that DNA repair gene XRCCI but not XPD might play a role in esophageal carcinogenesis and might represent a genetic determinant in the development of the cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-605
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume100
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA repair
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Genetic polymorphism
  • XPD
  • XRCC1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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