Polygenic risk scores for kidney function and their associations with circulating proteome, and incident kidney diseases

Zhi Yu, Jin Jin, Adrienne Tin, Anna Köttgen, Bing Yu, Jingsha Chen, Aditya Surapaneni, Linda Zhou, Christie M. Ballantyne, Ron C. Hoogeveen, Dan Arking, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Morgan E. Grams, Josef Coresh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed numerous loci for kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR). The relationship of polygenic predictors of eGFR, risk of incident adverse kidney outcomes, and the plasma proteome is not known. Methods: We developed a genome-wide polygenic risk score (PRS) for eGFR by applying the LDpred algorithm to summary statistics generated from a multiethnic meta-Analysis of CKDGen Consortium GWAS (N=765,348) and UK Biobank GWAS (90% of the cohort; N=451,508), followed by best parameter selection using the remaining 10% of UK Biobank (N=45,158). We then tested the association of the PRS in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study (N=8,866) with incident chronic kidney disease, kidney failure, and acute kidney injury. We also examined associations between the PRS and 4,877 plasma proteins measured at middle age and older adulthood and evaluated mediation of PRS associations by eGFR. Results: The developed PRS showed a significant association with all outcomes. Hazard ratios (95% CI) per 1 SD lower PRS ranged from 1.06 (1.01, 1.11) to 1.33 (1.28, 1.37). The PRS was significantly associated with 132 proteins at both time points. The strongest associations were with cystatin-C, collagen alpha-1(XV) chain, and desmocollin-2. Most proteins were higher at lower kidney function, except for 5 proteins including testican-2. Most correlations of the genetic PRS with proteins were mediated by eGFR. Conclusions: A PRS for eGFR is now sufficiently strong to capture risk for a spectrum of incident kidney diseases and broadly influences the plasma proteome, primarily mediated by eGFR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • End stage kidney disease
  • Genetics
  • Kidney function
  • Polygenic risk score
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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