We tested the hypothesis that administering polyethylene glycol-conjugated superoxide dismutase (PEG-SOD) either before global cerebral ischemia or at the time of reperfusion would alter recovery of cerebral blood flow (CBF; microspheres) response to alteration in arterial Pco2 in pentobarbital-anesthetized, mechanically ventilated piglets (1 to 2-wk old). CBF was measured at an arterial Pco2 of approximately 3.3,5.3, and 8.7 kPa before and 2 h after ischemia (10 min aortic cross clamp). To determine the effect of preischemic versus postischemic treatment with PEG-SOD, each piglet received two i.v. drug injections of either 30 000 U PEG-SOD or an equal volume of PEG diluent in a randomized, blinded fashion before ischemia and just before reperfusion. Cerebral oxygen consumption and somatosensory evoked potentials were measured during reperfusion as an assessment of brain function. During reperfusion, no group demonstrated delayed hypoperfusion. Hypercapnic CBF was less during reperfusion (48 ± 6 mL/min/100 g) compared with preischemia (69 ± 10 mL/min/100 g) in PEG/PEG-treated piglets. However, hypercapnic CBF during reperfusion was not different from preischemic values with either preischemic or postischemic PEG-SOD treatment. Improved return of hypercapnic CBF in PEG-SOD-treated piglets was not attributable to improved postischemic cerebral oxygen consumption. Somatosensory evoked potential amplitude was decreased similarly during reperfusion (approximately 25% of preischemic values) in all groups. We conclude that PEG-SOD alters CBF response to hypercapnia after transient global cerebral ischemia in piglets via a mechanism that is not related to altered oxygen consumption or electrical activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health