Polycystin 2 interacts with type I inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor to modulate intracellular Ca2+ signaling

Yun Li, Jerry M. Wright, Feng Qian, Gregory G. Germino, William B. Guggino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, a common cause of renal failure, arises from mutations in either the PKD1 or the PKD2 gene. The precise function of both PKD gene products polycystins (PCs) 1 and 2 remain controversial. PC2 has been localized to numerous cellular compartments, including the endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane, and cilia. It is unclear what pools are the most relevant to its physiological function as a putative Ca2+ channel. We employed a Xenopus oocyte Ca2+ imaging system to directly investigate the role of PC2 in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent Ca2+ signaling. Cytosolic Ca2+ signals were recorded following UV photolysis of caged IP3 in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. We demonstrated that overexpression of PC2, as well as type I IP3 receptor (IP3R), significantly prolonged the half-decay time (t1/2) of IP3-induced Ca2+ transients. However, overexpressing the disease-associated PC2 mutants, the point mutation D511V, and the C-terminally truncated mutation R742X did not alter the t1/2. In addition, we found that D511V overexpression significantly reduced the amplitude of IP3-induced Ca2+ transients. Interestingly, overexpression of the C terminus of PC2 not only significantly reduced the amplitude but also prolonged the t 1/2. Co-immunoprecipitation assays indicated that PC2 physically interacts with IP3R through its C terminus. Taken together, our data suggest that PC2 and IP3R functionally interact and modulate intracellular Ca2+ signaling. Therefore, mutations in either PC1 or PC2 could result in the misregulation of intracellular Ca2+ signaling, which in turn could contribute to the pathology of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41298-41306
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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