Polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperandrogenism, and insulin resistance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Results from recent basic and clinical research investigations havegreatly improved our understanding of insulin resistance in general and insulin resistance associated with PCOS in particular. With this understanding has come the possibility of using new methods to treat PCOS. This is particularly true when discussing the use of insulin-sensitizing drugs. Caution must be exercised in using these drugs because of unforseen acute or remote adverse side effects. Postulated relationships among PCOS, hyperandrogenism, and insulin resistance do not completely solve the endocrinologic mystery of the patient with PCOS. For example, how does the partial destruction of the ovary (e.g., wedge biopsy or ovary drilling by laser or cautery), which does not affect insulin resistance,28 result in ovulatory cycles? Why does the administration of excessive exogenous insulin in the case of the insulin-dependent diabetic fail to cause hyperandrogenism? Certainly, much remains to be learned about the reproductive endocrine disturbance we now call PCOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-33
Number of pages13
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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