Policy and science for global health security: Shaping the course of international health

Kavita M. Berger, James L.N. Wood, Bonnie Jenkins, Jennifer Olsen, Stephen S. Morse, Louise Gresham, J. Jeffrey Root, Margaret Rush, David Pigott, Taylor Winkleman, Melinda Moore, Thomas R. Gillespie, Jennifer B. Nuzzo, Barbara A. Han, Patricia Olinger, William B. Karesh, James N. Mills, Joseph F. Annelli, Jamie Barnabei, Daniel LuceyDavid T.S. Hayman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The global burden of infectious diseases and the increased attention to natural, accidental, and deliberate biological threats has resulted in significant investment in infectious disease research. Translating the results of these studies to inform prevention, detection, and response efforts often can be challenging, especially if prior relationships and communications have not been established with decision-makers. Whatever scientific information is shared with decision-makers before, during, and after public health emergencies is highly dependent on the individuals or organizations who are communicating with policy-makers. This article briefly describes the landscape of stakeholders involved in information-sharing before and during emergencies. We identify critical gaps in translation of scientific expertise and results, and biosafety and biosecurity measures to public health policy and practice with a focus on One Health and zoonotic diseases. Finally, we conclude by exploring ways of improving communication and funding, both of which help to address the identified gaps. By leveraging existing scientific information (from both the natural and social sciences) in the public health decision-making process, large-scale outbreaks may be averted even in low-income countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number60
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Ebola virus
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • One Health
  • Zoonoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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