POG 8625: A randomized trial comparing chemotherapy with chemoradiotherapy for children and adolescents with stages I, IIA, IIIA 1 Hodgkin disease: A report from the children's oncology group

Faith H. Kung, Cindy L. Schwartz, Carolyn R. Ferree, Wendy B. London, Jessie L. Ternberg, Fred G. Behm, Moody D. Wharam, John M. Falletta, Pedro De Alarcon, Allen R. Chauvenet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To determine if 6 courses of chemotherapy alone could achieve the same or better outcome than 4 courses of chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy (chemoradiotherapy) in pediatric and adolescent patients with Hodgkin disease. Children ≤21 years old with biopsy-proven, pathologically staged I, IIA, or IIIA 1 Hodgkin disease were randomly assigned 6 courses of alternating nitrogen mustard, oncovin, prednisone, and procarbazine/doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (treatment 1) or 4 courses of alternating nitrogen mustard, oncovin, prednisone, and procarbazine/doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine +2550 cGy involved-field radiotherapy (treatment 2). The complete response rate was 89%, with a complete response and partial response rate of 99.4%. There was no statistically significant difference in event-free survival (EFS) or overall survival between arms. The EFS for those who achieved an early complete response was significantly higher than for those who did not. For pediatric patients with asymptomatic low-stage and intermediate-stage Hodgkin disease, chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy both resulted in 3-year EFS of approximately 90% and statistically indistinguishable 8-year EFS and overall survival, without significant long-term toxicity. Early response to therapy was associated with higher EFS, a concept that has led to the Children's Oncology Group paradigm of response-based risk-adapted therapy for pediatric Hodgkin disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-368
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy versus chemoradiotherapy
  • Children
  • Hodgkin disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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