During the past year, the number of deaths from Pneumocystis carinii pneumonitis in the United States exceeded the combined number of deaths from meningococcal infections, all types of viral hepatitis and encephalitis, gonorrhea, syphilis, varicella, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, amebiasis, shigellosis, salmonellosis, typhoid fever, typhus fevers, cholera, rabies, brucellosis, anthrax, tularemia, botulism, and malaria. More patients died of P. carinii pneumonitis than of all types of tuberculosis. The rapidly escalating prevalence of this pneumonitis is due in great part to the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Also, because of advances in medical practice, the population of.
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