Background and Methods: In murine models of endotoxemia, large amounts of lipopolysaccharide have to be administered to induce mortality. If mice are pretreated with D-galactosamine, the amount of lipopolysaccharide required to induce mortality is significantly lowered. Pluronic F 127 liquid is a relatively non-toxic copolymer that exhibits reverse gelation properties. Thus, it is a liquid at cold temperature and a gel at body temperature. The present studies were performed to ascertain whether the reverse gelation properties of Pluronic F 127 liquid could be used in devising a model of septic shock where a sustained delivery of lipopolysaccharide occurred. In evaluating this model, dose-response studies were conducted with lipopolysaccharide when a) it was administered intraperitoneally in saline or in Pluronic F 127 liquid, and b) it was administered intravenously to mice that had been pretreated with saline or Pluronic F 127 liquid. Mortality was followed for up to 72 hrs. Results: Various doses of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide dissolved in saline or in Pluronic F 127 liquid were administered intraperitoneally to mice. The lethal dose of lipopolysaccharide required to kill 50% of the mice (LD50) administered in Pluronic F 127 liquid was approximately ten- to 15-fold less than the values obtained for lipopolysaccharide administered in saline. This decrease in the LD50 of lipopolysaccharide was also observed if the mice were treated intraperitoneally with Pluronic F 127 liquid and challenged 6 hrs later with iv lipopolysaccharide. The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 in the plasma were significantly higher when a low dose of lipopolysaccharide was administered to mice that had been pretreated with Pluronic F 127 liquid. While there was no effect on the liver enzymes, Pluronic F 127 liquid caused an increase in the plasma triglycerides. Conclusions: The data reported in this paper indicate that the LD50 of lipopolysaccharide is significantly decreased if it is administered in Pluronic F 127 liquid or administered to mice that have been pretreated with the Pluronic F 127 liquid. Thus, Pluronic F 127 liquid appears to sensitize mice to low levels of lipopolysaccharide. Unlike the D-galactosamine model, lipopolysaccharide can be administered as late as 6 hrs after treatment with Pluronic F 127 liquid. While the mechanisms by which Pluronic F 127 liquid sensitizes mice is not known, plasma triglycerides were increased in mice treated with this agent, suggesting that tissues responsible for the synthesis and/or degradation of triglycerides play a role in this sensitization process.
- Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide
- plasma triglycerides
- septic shock
- tumor necrosis factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine