Pleiotropic ZIP8 A391T implicates abnormal manganese homeostasis in complex human disease

Laxmi Sunuwar, Azra Frkatović, Sodbo Sharapov, Qinchuan Wang, Heather M. Neu, Xinqun Wu, Talin Haritunians, Fengyi Wan, Sarah Michel, Shaoguang Wu, Mark Donowitz, Dermot McGovern, Gordan Lauc, Cynthia Sears, Joanna Melia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ZIP8 is a metal transporter with a role in manganese (Mn) homeostasis. A common genetic variant in ZIP8 (rs13107325; A391T) ranks in the top 10 of pleiotropic SNPs identified in GWAS; A391T has associations with an increased risk of schizophrenia, obesity, Crohn’s disease, and reduced blood Mn. Here, we used CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockin (KI) to generate a mouse model of ZIP8 A391T (Zip8 393T-KI mice). Recapitulating the SNP association with blood Mn, blood Mn was reduced in Zip8 393T-KI mice. There was restricted abnormal tissue Mn homeostasis, with decreases in liver and kidney Mn and a reciprocal increase in biliary Mn, providing in vivo evidence of hypomorphic Zip8 function. Upon challenge in a chemically induced colitis model, male Zip8 393T-KI mice exhibited enhanced disease susceptibility. ZIP8 391-Thr associated with reduced triantennary plasma N-glycan species in a population-based cohort to define a genotype-specific glycophenotype hypothesized to be linked to Mn-dependent glycosyltransferase activity. This glycophenotype was maintained in a cohort of patients with Crohn’s disease. These data and the pleiotropic disease associations with ZIP8 391-Thr suggest underappreciated roles of Mn homeostasis in complex human disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere140978
JournalJCI Insight
Volume5
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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