Patients with heart disease and depression have an increased mortality rate. Both behavioral and biologic factors have been proposed as potential etiologic mechanisms. Given that the pathophysiology of depression is considered to involve disruption in brain serotonergic signaling, we investigated platelet response to serotonin stimulation in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We enrolled 92 patients with stable CAD. Platelet response to increasing concentrations of serotonin (5-HT), epinephrine-augmented 5-HT, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was measured by optical aggregation and flow cytometry. As concentrations of 5-HT and ADP increased, so did the activation and aggregation of the platelets. However, on addition of the highest concentration of 5-HT (30 μM), a significant decrease in platelet activation (p = 0.005) was detected by flow cytometry. This contrasts the increase in platelet activation seen with the addition of the highest concentration of ADP. In conclusion, we found increased platelet activation and aggregation with increased concentrations of ADP; however, when platelets are stimulated with a high concentration of 5-HT (30 μM), there is decreased platelet activation. The data demonstrate unique patterns of platelet activation by 5-HT in patients with stable CAD. The cause of this phenomenon is unclear. Our study sheds light on the in vitro response of platelet function to serotonin in patients with stable CAD, which may further the mechanistic understanding of heart disease and depression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine