Platelet-induced enhancement of LS174T colon carcinoma and THP-1 monocytoid cell adhesion to vascular endothelium under flow

Monica M. Burdick, Konstantinos Konstantopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was undertaken to characterize the adhesion of LS174T colon adenocarcinoma cells to 4-h TNF-α-timulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under flow in the presence and absence of platelets and erythrocytes. Cell binding to HUVECs was significantly enhanced by simultaneous perfusion of thrombin-activated, but not resting, platelets. This increase was achieved via a platelet bridging mechanism whereby a previously tethered LS174T cell (primary tether) captures a free-flowing cell (secondary tether) that subsequently attaches to the endothelium downstream of the already adherent cell. The total number of tumor cells tethering to HUVECs and the percentage of secondary tethers relative to the total amount of cell tethering depended on platelet concentration and wall shear stress. At 0.8 dyn/cm 2 and a platelet-to-LS174T cell ratio of 25:1, the total amount of cell tethering nearly doubled as a result of platelet-induced enhancement compared with the amount without platelet perfusion. Moreover, the percentage of secondary tethers increased from background levels (<5%) in the absence of platelets to ∼60% at a platelet-to-LS174T cell ratio of 25:1. Platelet-mediated secondary tethering is not limited to LS174T colon carcinoma cells, as THP-1 monocytoid cells also displayed this pattern of interaction. Secondary tethering was dependent on both platelet P-selectin and αIIbβ3-integrin for LSI74T cells and P-selectin alone for THP-1 cells. Furthermore, platelet-mediated secondary tethering of both cell types occurred in the presence of red blood cells. Altogether, these results reveal a novel role for platelets in promoting cell binding to endothelium through a secondary tethering mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C539-C547
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2 56-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • P-selectin
  • Shear stress
  • αβ-integrins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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