Platelet function measured by VerifyNow™ identifies generalized high platelet reactivity in aspirin treated patients

Joseph Dichiara, Kevin P. Bliden, Udaya S. Tantry, Srivasavi K. Chaganti, Rolf P. Kreutz, Tania B. Gesheff, Tania A. Geshefe, Yvonne Kreutz, Paul A. Gurbel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Selected aspirin treated patients may exhibit high platelet reactivity to agonists other than arachidonic acid. This study aimed to determine whether the VerifyNow™ identifies generalized high platelet reactivity supported by correlations with other established methods that stimulate platelets with various agonists. Stable outpatients with coronary artery disease (n = 110) were treated with aspirin in a two 3 x 3 Latin square design (81, 162 and 325 mg/day for 4 weeks each). VerifyNow™ (arachidonic acid (AA) cartridge); light transmittance aggregometry; thrombelastography; PFA-100®; flow cytometry; PlateletWorks®; and urinary 11- dehydro thromboxane levels were measured. Multianalyte profiling measured fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor (vWF). Patients with ≥550 ARU by VerifyNow™ had increased 5 mM AA-, 5 μM ADP-, and 2 μg/mL collagen-induced platelet aggregation compared to patients with <550 ARU (p ≤ 0.001). The highest ADP- and collagen-induced aggregation was present in the upper quartile by VerifyNow™ (p < 0.05). Fibrinogen or vWF levels did not differ between VerifyNow™ quartiles. Patients with high platelet reactivity to arachidonic acid identified by VerifyNow™ also exhibit increased reactivity to other important platelet agonists that is independent of fibrinogen and vWF levels. These data suggest that VerifyNow™ may identify a generalized high platelet reactivity phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-423
Number of pages10
JournalPlatelets
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

Keywords

  • Aspirin
  • Platelet reactivity
  • VerifyNow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Dichiara, J., Bliden, K. P., Tantry, U. S., Chaganti, S. K., Kreutz, R. P., Gesheff, T. B., Geshefe, T. A., Kreutz, Y., & Gurbel, P. A. (2007). Platelet function measured by VerifyNow™ identifies generalized high platelet reactivity in aspirin treated patients. Platelets, 18(6), 414-423. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537100701206824