Plasmodium juxtanucleare associated with mortality in black-footed penguins (Spheniscus demersus) admitted to a rehabilitation center

K. Christiana Grim, Estelle Van Der Merwe, Margery Sullivan, Nola Parsons, Thomas F. McCutchan, Michael Cranfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Five black-footed penguins (Spheniscus demersus) admitted to the Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds, in Cape Town, South Africa, died from malaria infection. Evidence for malaria as the cause of death included antemortem clinical signs, parasitemia, splenomegaly, pulmonary edema, and the presence of histologically visible schizonts in the reticuloendothelial system. A portion of the malarial small subunit ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction from postmortem blood samples from all the birds. A species-specific variable region of this gene was compared with the same region on genes from other known avian malarial organisms, establishing that Plasmodium juxtanucleare was involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-255
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Avian malaria
  • Black-footed penguin
  • Plasmodium juxtanucleare
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Spheniscus demersus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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