Atriopeptin (AP) is a polypeptide produced by atrial myocytes that is capable of inducing diuresis, natriuresis, and vasodilatation. Because thyroid dysfunction is known to be associated with alterations in both renal function and vasomotor control, we investigate the possible effects of varying thyroid function on AP in humans and rats. Plasma AP concentrations were determined in hyperthyroid and hypothyroid patients and normal subjects. Plasma AP was also measured in some patients after the iv infusion of 1 L 150 mmol/L NaCl and after treatment of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Plasma and atrial AP concentrations were measured in hyperthyroid, euthyroid, and hypothyroid rats. Plasma AP concentrations did not differ in the hyperthyroid (n = 22), euthyroid (n = 45), and hypothyroid (n = 16) subjects [47.1 ± 18.2 (mean ± SD), 45.1 ± 28.9, and 42.4 ± 20.0 pg/mL, respectively]. After NaCl infusion, mean plasma AP concentrations did not increase significantly in any of the three groups. Treatment of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism did not result in a significant change in plasma AP levels. In contrast, plasma AP concentrations were significantly higher in T4-treated (hyperthyroid) rats than in either euthyroid or propylthiouracil-treated (hypothyroid) rats [621 ± 17 vs. 266 ± 41 (P < 0.01) and 210 ± 28 pg/mL (P < 0.001), respectively], whereas atrial AP contents were similar in the three groups of rats. We conclude that hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in man are not associated with significantly altered plasma AP concentrations. The higher plasma AP levels in T4-treated rats may reflect the relatively shorter duration or greater severity of thyroid dysfunction or thyroid hormone-induced myocardial hypertrophy in the animals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical