Purpose: Pituicytomas and spindle cell oncocytomas (SCOs) are extremely rare neoplasms of the sellar and suprasellar region that can often mimic pituitary adenomas. To date, there are relatively few cases of pituicytomas and SCOs reported; and most of these are small case series. Methods: In this paper, we provide a retrospective review of the treatment, imaging characteristics, post-operative course, and histopathology of five cases of pituicytomas and two SCOs treated at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) over a 10-year period from 2003 to 2013. Results: We find that pituicytomas and SCOs present similarly to pituitary adenomas, and look identical on CT or MR imaging. We histopathologically confirmed all pituicytomas with a combination of hematoxylin and eosin morphology and immunohistochemical positivity for vimentin and S100; SCOs stain for anti-mitochondrial antigen and endothelial membrane antigen. We observe positive thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF1) immunohistochemistry in both cases of SCO, as well as in both of the cases of pituicytoma in which TTF1 staining was available. Conclusions: This represents the largest single-institution case series of pituicytomas and SCOs to date, and also includes the first description of the management of a pregnant female with SCO. Our findings are consistent with the idea of common histogenesis for pituicytomas and SCOs, and also raise the possibility of more aggressive growth in SCOs as compared to pituicytomas.
- Spindle cell oncocytoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism