Pilot Outcomes of a Multicomponent Fall Risk Program Integrated Into Daily Lives of Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Sarah L. Szanton, Lindy Clemson, Minhui Liu, Laura N. Gitlin, Melissa D. Hladek, Sarah E. LaFave, David L. Roth, Katherine A. Marx, Cynthia Felix, Safiyyah M. Okoye, Xuan Zhang, Svetlana Bautista, Marianne Granbom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate whether a fall prevention intervention reduces fall risk in older adults who have previously fallen. Design: Randomized controlled pilot trial. Setting: Participants’ homes. Intervention: LIVE-LiFE, adapted from Lifestyle-Intervention Functional Exercise (LiFE) integrates strength and balance training into daily habits in eight visits over 12 weeks. The adaptations to LiFE were to also provide (a) US$500 in home safety changes, (b) vision contrast screening and referral, and (c) medication recommendations. Control condition consisted of fall prevention materials and individualized fall risk summary. Measurement: Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Tandem stand. Falls efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of the intervention. Results: Sample (N = 37) was 65% female, 65% White, and average 77 years. Compared with the control group, each outcome improved in the intervention. The LIVE-LiFE intervention had a large effect (1.1) for tandem stand, moderate (0.5) in falls efficacy, and small (0.1) in the TUG. Conclusion: Simultaneously addressing preventable fall risk factors is feasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-327
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • accidental falls
  • community-dwelling
  • home hazards
  • lifestyle-integrated exercise
  • medication review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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